“Being pregnant seems designed to prepare you for life as a mother. You start making sacrifices nine months before the child is born, so by the time they put in an appearance you are used to giving things up for them.”
― Brett Kiellerop-Morris―
Congratulations!! If you have done the pregnancy test and you have tested positive, you are a pregnant woman. They expect 40 weeks of pregnancy, will be 9 months and a half full of emotions, new sensations, changes in your body and much expectation to finally meet your baby. You have a whole road ahead to learn about your care, your health and your diet.
We want to accompany you on this journey trying to provide you with all the information you may need.
Changes in the body of the pregnant woman
One of the first symptoms of pregnancy is amenorrhea or lack of menstruation. Pregnancy tests allow you to know your pregnancy more and more quickly and in just 3 minutes, so if you are very regular, you will have a result from the first days of lack of rule.
You will also notice a greater sensitivity in the breasts and they could even have increased in size. Some women feel pain, breasts begin to prepare for the end of the whole process of pregnancy to be able to feed the baby.
It does not happen in all cases, but you could suffer from nausea and desire to vomit, it is due to the great increase of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin during pregnancy.
From week 1 to 4 of pregnancy you may notice a greater feeling of fatigue or fatigue that, despite not being a conclusive symptom, could give you some clues about whether you are pregnant.
In week 4 you could have what is known as implantation hemorrhage, it is a pinkish or brownish bleeding that occurs when the ovule is implanted in the wall of the uterus. If the bleeding is heavy and you feel intense pain, you should check with your doctor to make sure you are not having a miscarriage.
Development and evolution of the baby in the first month of pregnancy
One day after the union of the ovule and the sperm, the ovule divides for the first time. As it travels down the fallopian tubes, the process of cell division continues. The external part of the fertilized ovum will be the placenta and the internal part of the embryo. This group of cells that are multiplying is called a zygote, then it is called a blastomere, then a morula and then a blastocyst.
The blastocyst comes from the fallopian tube to the uterine cavity and is implanted in the wall of the uterus one week after fertilization has taken place.
In week 2 after fertilization, the embryo consists of 3 cell layers that will later give rise to future organs. At the end of this period the blastocyst has reached the uterus and will live there for the next 9 months. In this week 4 of pregnancy, the embryo measures about 1 millimeter.
Health and emotions in the first month of pregnancy
Caring for your health must be one of your top priorities throughout pregnancy. If you are well, your baby will develop properly. The pregnancy is divided into quarters and the first trimester of pregnancy is the most delicate, so you have to be more careful as there is more risk of abortion.
There are certain food and substances you should avoid during preganacy.
If you are a smoker, eliminate or at least try to reduce the habit. There are studies that indicate that the babies of smoking mothers have less weight at birth and usually suffer more bronchial diseases.
Alcohol must be eliminatedcompletely since it can cause malformations in the fetus.
Don’t lift heavy objects because you have the embryo implanted in the uterus. This could also cause damage to your back, which will support a plus of weight.
On the emotional level you could be living mood changes like those of premenstrual syndrome. Sensation of great emotion and sensitivity or irritability.
If you are in week one to four of pregnancy you may feel sad for no reason and get angry for insignificant things.
Diet and nutrition for the pregnant woman in her first weeks
If you planned your pregnancy , you will be taking a folic acid supplement. This helps prevent birth defects in the baby, otherwise you can start now, in week 3 or 4 of pregnancy.
Calcium will be a basic contribution throughout pregnancy. At least you should consume 1 liter of milk per day. If you find it difficult, you can drink milk, cheese and yogurt until you get the necessary calcium supplement. It will help the formation of the baby’s bones and teeth and not consume your calcium reserves.
From now on, you must make 5 daily meals. They should be little copious in which you maintain a varied diet that contains the necessary vitamins and nutrients. The menus for pregnant women should contain legumes, vegetables, vegetables, lean meats, fish, cereals and fruits. If you don’t have the toxoplasmosis test, do not take any raw animal products (pâtés, sausages, raw meats).
Try to drink 2 liters of water a day to be well hydrated.
Curiosities in week 1 to 4 of pregnancy
If a pregnancy test has confirmed your new status you will doubt whether to share it with family and friends. Some women wait until the 12th week of pregnancy, when the risk of spontaneous abortion is much lower.
Do you have any special illusion because the baby is a boy or a girl? The sex of the baby is determined from the fertilization. It will not be until the 12 or 20 week ultrasound when they confirm the sex of the baby. Also, if you were to do this test now, in week four, you could not see the tiny embryo.