An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.
For maternity to occur, the ovary must release an egg to the fallopian tube, where it remains for approximately 24 hours. There it must come in contact with a sperm to be fertilized. The fertilized egg remains in the fallopian tube for 3 or 4 days before it heads to the uterus. There it attaches to the lining and continues to grow until a baby is born.
But when the fertilized egg implants in your fallopian tube or someplace else on your gut, you wind up with what is known as an ectopic pregnancy. In such cases, the pregnancy can not continue normally, and it needs emergency treatment.
The majority of the time, an ectopic pregnancy occurs within the premier couple weeks of pregnancy. You may not even know you are pregnant and might not have indications of a problem.
Mild vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain are usually the premier symptoms, but others could include:
- Nausea and vomiting with pain
- Sharp abdominal cramps
- Pain on one side of your body
- Dizziness or weakness
- Pain on your shoulder, neck, or anus
Ectopic pregnancy may result in fallopian tube rupture. If this happens, you might have major pain and acute bleeding. Call your physician immediately if you have heavy vaginal bleeding that leads to lightheadedness, fainting, or shoulder pain.
Ectopic Pregnancy Causes
You might never understand why you have an ectopic pregnancy. 1 cause might be a damaged fallopian tube. It might prevent the fertilized egg from getting into your uterus, leaving it to implant in the fallopian tube or someplace else.
However, you are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy if you have any of these:
It might also happen if you become pregnant with an intrauterine device(IUD) in place.
If your doctor thinks you have an ectopic pregnancy, she’ll likely perform a few tests, such as a pregnancy test and a rectal examination. An ultrasound test could be performed to look at the uterus’ and fallopian tubes’ condition.
If she confirms you’ve got an ectopic pregnancy, she’ll speak with you about the best treatment based on your medical condition and your future plans for pregnancy.
Unfortunately, it’s not possible to save the pregnancy. It usually has to be removed using medicine or an operation.
In the UK, around 1 in every 80-90 pregnancies is ectopic. This is around 12,000 pregnancies a year.